International Nonproprietary Name (INN): Ambroxol
Pharmaceutic group: Expectorants
Tablets 30 mg n20.
Available without prescriptionQuestion?
THERE ARE CONTRAINDICATIONS. CAREFULLY READ THE INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE, OR OBTAIN A SPECIALIST ADVICE
Ambroxol is a secretolytic agent used in the treatment of respiratory diseases associated with viscid or excessive mucus. The substance is a mucoactive drug with several properties including secretolytic and secretomotoric actions that restore the physiological clearance mechanisms of the respiratory tract, which play an important role in the body’s natural defence mechanisms. It stimulates synthesis and release of surfactant by type II pneumocytes. Surfactants acts as an anti-glue factor by reducing the adhesion of mucus to the bronchial wall, in improving its transport and in providing protection against infection and irritating agents.
Ambroxol is indicated as "secretolytic therapy in bronchopulmonary diseases associated with abnormal mucus secretion and impaired mucus transport. It promotes mucus clearance, facilitates expectoration and eases productive cough, allowing patients to breathe freely and deeply". There are many different formulations developed since the first marketing authorization in 1978.
INDICATIONS: All forms of tracheobronchitis, emphysema with bronchitis pneumoconiosis, chronic inflammatory pulmonary conditions, bronchiectasis, bronchitis with bronchospasm asthma. During acute exacerbations of bronchitis it should be given with the appropriate antibiotic.
Ambroxol is a clinically proven systemically active mucolytic agent. When administered orally onset of action occurs after about 30 minutes. The breakdown of acid mucopolysaccharide fibers makes the sputum thinner and less viscous and therefore more easily removed by coughing. Although sputum volume eventually decreases, its viscosity remains low for as long as treatment is maintained.
SIDE EFFECTS. Occasional gastrointestinal side effects may occur but these are normally mild.
PRECAUTIONS. It is advisable to avoid use during the first trimester of pregnancy.